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Inspirational Quotations

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  • My success and competition is getting tough day by day with myself ….Own self is hard person to be contented…………!!
  • Come on!! I’m a layman…….O Man! A rare common one trying to know myself!!
  • Dig your Fate get the treasure
  • Fate is intellectually sound but human mind does not work there
  • Fate declines sometimes but it never farewell the puppet to rest upon self deceives, it plays upon, tricks upon and checkmate finally …….
  • Going on and on so far the breath last and fate acts………..!!
  • Fate rule mind window also when to open, when to close it distinguish rather better than control
  • Fate is overdue to rule over intellect as well
  • Fate is sound key to open the door infatuated love and featured Divine Love.
  • Far dust you go, climb high to dost, figuration is ultimate the achievement by both struggle and fate be upon your side
  • Once I was hard worker, I struggle a lot but fate was not on my phase, luck was not on my side and I mostly lose.
  • When luck be my coin I have all the treasure mine of mine, I stay king of own kingdom prevail to others.
  • Fate is the prime side of effort.
  • Fate can be reveal by the prevailing the distinguished and diminished thoughts.
  • Time and Fate has one similarity of unpredictability and possibility to be cruel any time of need.
  • Kingdom of Fate is the over ruling the strongest emperors of time of intellect.
  • Fugitive the core of thought for Fate but it is not ……
  • Side of coins are not head or tale, realistically they are one key work (Hard work/ Intelligence) and other Divine (Unseen Fate) sometimes one partial be the king and sometimes the other and when coin just still stand both defused the relation.
  • Intelligence never sounds fate as fate is beyond limits of intelligence
  • Intellect has nothing to do with Divine source, Fate, Heavenly Life the discrimination yet false intellect, fall by heart and upfront by believes.
  • Intelligence itself digging the broader board of chess.
  • Intelligence has role to play over fate signs but just to obey them.
  • Concentration without purity of mind is of no avail.
  • Real practice begins from concentration. Concentration merges in meditation. Concentration is a portion of meditation.
  • You are born to concentrate the mind on God after collecting the mental rays that are dissipated on various objects. That is your important duty.
  • Concentration of the mind on God after purification can give you real happiness and knowledge. You are born for this purpose only.
  • Art of concentration is the best unseen art that draws even the unfathomable, unpredictable, unreliable sketches converting in practice.
  • At your face management never advantage of your source but behind the scene, behind the curtains they know how much even a coin of yours cost.
  • Magic of focus is figurative whatsoever not real but ought to be, and what so ever real would be fragile ….
  • Life of Mind is more than life of Muscle, henceforth the muscle be death mind even stay alive in featured sayings or provoked registered thoughts.
  • Figures receive the command they type they hold pen, they workout and behave like strings to be on harmonium.
  • Commemorate the best times refresh the breathing if inspiration if one been through the hard times.

Aristotle’s Oedipus Rex

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Introduction

Oedipus Rex is one of the groups of three plays by Sophocles known as Theban plays, since they relate to the destinies of the Theban family of Oedipus and his children. The other two plays of this group are Antigone and Oedipus at Colonus. However although the three plays are connected by theme and subject, they do not form a trilogy in the usual sense of the term. In English translation the play is generally known as Oedipus the King or King Oedipus, but Oedipus Rex, the Latin title, is the most popular. In Oedipus Rex, Sophocles leaves a major part of story outside the plot. He deals directly with only the last day of Oedipus rule over Thebes. We are to believe that Oedipus has been ruling happily over Thebes for about fifteen years. His personal life also has been a very happy one. He has four children by his wife, Jocasta. Infact, it appears that even a further happiness is in store for him, for after the death of Polybus he is to succeed him to the throne of Corinth also. However, all this happiness is illusory. It is revealed is a moment that, far from being the happiest of men, Oedipus is the most miserable of them. Instead of being the intelligent solver of riddles, which he himself and as well as his subjects believe him to be, he is ignorant even of his identity and parentage. In ignorance he has killed his father and married his mother. Believing himself the Corinthian prince, and trying to evade the fate which the Oracle has predicted for him, he actually runs into its clutches. He becomes a dire example of the ignorance and helplessness of man in the face of destiny, although in one sense Oedipus in Sophocles play, is ironically the master of the fate at every stage, and whatever happens the play does so at his own initiative. Oedipus Rex is a marvel; it is rich in beauty and complexity of theme and symbolism. It is the most fascinating Greek tragedy which elaborates,’ Man is a mere puppet in the hands of fate’. There are various standpoints for looking at the theme of the play. It may be considered as a play enacting the theme of blindness to fate, insecurity of revealing realities, Being ignorant the rashness, knowing the truth as tragic and illusoriness of human happiness. The inadequacy of human intelligence in resolving the riddles of destiny may also be considered one of the major voice of the play. The play also brings out the tragedy as well as the dignity of human determination and will power. Critics have found all sorts of symbols in the play, the most famous such interpretation being that of Freud, who has named a complex after Oedipus viz. the Oedipus-complex. This play may also be looked upon as an allegory—that if one tries to avoid one’s fate, one would only aiding and hastening it. Thus, Oedipus Rex is a perfect tragedy because of its harmonious blending of Character and Fate.

Aristotle’s definition of tragedy and the play King Oedipus

Aristotle first defines tragedy in his poetics around 330 BC, and all subsequent forms of tragic events have been influenced by his concepts. According to Aristotle, “Tragedy, then, is an imitation of a noble and complete action, having the proper magnitude; it employs language that has been artistically enhanced . . . ; it is presented in dramatic, not narrative form, and achieves, through the representation of pitiable and fearful incidents, the catharsis of such incidents” (chapter 6; Golden 11). Sophocles wrote “Oedipus the King” for the annual festival where playwrights competed for prizes. It was a major civic occasion, with attendance expected. Sophocles the writer is phenomenally good, especially considering his era. His writing is impressive with each phrase contributing to the whole. He is full of succinct observations on life. And despite the limits of the form, he often manages to make his characters seem like real individuals. The title of our play is often given in its Latin translation “Oedipus Rex”, rather than in its original Greek (“Oedipus Tyranneus”), since the Greek term for king is the English “tyrant” which means a monarch who rules without the consent of the people. There is a deep philosophic content at the back of Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex. It seems through this play he advises that man must concern himself with his own actions and remains within his appointed sphere in life. He must not presume to equal the gods in any respect (as Greek Myth revolves around gods, and Oedipus is also a mythical play as well). He seems to hold out moderation as a great virtue. Excessive desire even for such a good things as knowledge angers the gods, who then bring about the man’s ruin through his own overweening pride and conceit. To Sophocles every deed has its ultimate consequences, which no one can escape. The ways of gods are mysterious and no humans being must seek to prey into them. Along with leading a morally unblamable life, one must show the proper reverence for the gods as well as for the various institutions and practices of religion.

Oedipus as Tragic Hero

Oedipus fulfills the function of a tragedy, and arouses fear and pity in the highest degree. But unfortunately a modern reader, coming to the classic drama not entirely for the purpose of enjoyment, will not always surrender himself to the emotional effect. He is correct to worry about Greek fatalism and the justice of the downfall of Oedipus, and, finding no satisfactory solution for these difficulties, loses half the pleasure that the drama was intended to produce. Oedipus is superhuman, yet the play possesses universality. Parricide and incest are not common actions, yet the delusion of happiness, and committing of unwitting crimes is a universal tragic theme. Oedipus is a symbol of a man, who is elated by good fortune, only to be disappointed all the more when that good fortune gives place to disaster as stated in play by chorus:

‘’All the generations of mortal man add up to nothing!

Show me the man whose happiness was anything more than illusion

Followed by disillusion.

Here is the instance, here is Oedipus, here is the reason

Why I will call no mortal creature happy.”

According to Aristotle the tragic hero must be a person of noble birth and prosperity whose misfortune results, not from depravity or vice but from hamartia. The last word has translated as error of judgment by most critics but strongly interpreted as tragic flaw. Oedipus is clearly intermediate kind of person stipulated by Aristotle, and he is in enjoyment of great happiness and prosperity at the commencement of the story. However, it is difficult to say that his misfortune befalls him because of some flaw in his character, or some error of judgment committed by him. There is no doubt that his character has several flaws and that he does commit some error of judgment, but the question is whether these errors are the cause of his tragedy? Oedipus is no doubt rash, impatient, irritable and passionate. He is also very proud of his intelligence, and believes that he can find the answer to every problem. At more than one place he is also guilty of impious words. His treatment to Creon is far from fair, and he is unnecessarily harsh to Teiresias. Yet, if we take his tragedy to be the basic actions of incest and parricide, then these flaws and errors of Oedipus are quite irrelevant. On the other hand, it is Oedipus who proclaims a severe punishment for the murderer of Laius and also says that he will award the punishment even to himself, if he is the guilty person. It is by his words that Teiresias is angered and prophesies a severe punishment for the murderer of his father and the husband of his mother. Moreover, Oedipus provokes him further by making fun of his blindness and this lead Teiresias to predict that Oedipus also will become blind and will leave Thebes like a helpless beggar. Although the predictions do not bring about the actions mentioned in them,, yet they add to Oedipus suffering and humiliations. Or one may say that Oedipus commits the fundamental mistake of thinking himself equal to the gods and of being able to solve every problem. In that case the tragic flaw in Oedipus would become that of arrogance or hubris. His career changes from prosperity to terrible adversity, and he makes the terrible discovery that human knowledge is extremely limited and misleading.

Hubris or Destiny

‘’You cannot alter this. The gods themselves

Cannot undo it. It follows of necessity………..’’

In Sophocles tragedies human suffering visits the innocent as much as does the guilty, and he who suffers is, therefore, not automatically guilty. The poet has a tendency to sharpen the edge of suffering; he does note—especially not in his later works—accept it as a punishment or retribution; rather he emphasizes the innocence of the victim…. And despite this treatment, the poet still demands an acceptance of the hero suffering. And so we find in his works no testing theodicy, no investigation into the cause of suffering, but the conviction that suffering is inherent in human nature. Sophocles leaves little doubt that whatever there is a conflict between the human law and the divine; it is divine law which deserves to be observed.

‘’Of happiness the crown

And chiefest part

Is wisdom, and to hold

The gods in awe.

This is the law

That seeing the stricken heart

Of pride brought down,

We learn when we are old.’’

Chance is the major tooling in the plot of Greek Mythological plays. Fate is itself the major control of characters in any case. Greeks believes that Destiny is preplanned and the writing by the deities and the divine law so powerful that bestow, enhance and control all the metaphysical and cosmological functions. As William Shakespeare portrays in such words, the same religious and mythical divine theory:

‘As flies to the wonton boys,

Are we to the gods?

They kill us for their sport.’’

This is the most debatable point and in few words of expression it could not be easy to capture the whole theory and the concepts. A lot of literature has been vindicated and generated on this topic, yet there is so many space to be filled. Consequently, Oedipus Rex represents FATE as a controlling power as a strong theme, divinity and divine power in highest stature and ruling over the free will. One of the main theme of this play is FATE or FREE WILL. So far in Greek mythical play Fate wins over the free will. Fate cannot be over write by gods and not even can erase, which gives birth to the tragedy and this what happens to the ideal tragic hero Oedipus. Therefore Oedipus Rex is also recognized as tragedy of fate.

Paradox in the play

Oedipus Rex is undoubtedly, a play which defines contradictions. The speech clashes, thought and verdict clashes. Conflicts regarding appearance and truth is firmly and strongly culcated as a theme in the play. The contradiction arises when Teiresias confronts Oedipus and the dialogue in exchange reveals the truth from one side and ignorance from another. The reality beyond curtains bring forth by the persistent nature of Oedipus. Sophocles is genius enough to make contrast of fate and free will by clothing them as characters and the main theme of the play. Compare and contrast, contradiction and conflict and this has been pictured through the characters and their speech. Oedipus and Jocasta represent the image of hidden contradiction, where as their relation based on sympathy. Oedipus and Laius indirectly, So far the paradox is the one of the major themes of the play which strengthen it as a tragedy and make it unforgettable over the centuries.

Relevance of Teiresias

Although Teiresias is a character in two of the three Theban plays of Sophocles, he is in reality a figure in Greek mythology. Teiresias was a Theban who was once changed into a woman for a time for the crime of killing the female of a pair of snakes. There two traditions about how he became blind. According to one of them Zeus and Hera asked him whether a man or a woman enjoyed sexual union more. Zeus had been insisting that women enjoyed it more, while Hera of the view that men received greater enjoyment. Teiresias supported the view of Zeus, as a result of which the jealous Hera struck him blind. Zeus compensated him for this misfortune by blessing him with a long life and conferring on him the gift of prophecy. According to another story he was stuck blind because he happened to watch Athena while she was bathing. In Oedipus Rex his role is more extensive, he is the one who is blind seer, though apparently blind but blessed with extraordinary sense of knowledge about future and its predictions:

‘’Student of mysteries,

Of all that’s taught and all that no man tells,

Secrets of Heaven and secrets of the earth’’

It is Creon who advises Oedipus to send for Teiresias and ask him to find some solution for the troubles of Thebes. Later the Chorus also give him the same advice and Oedipus replies that he has already done so. It appears, however that Teiresias is not very eager to appear before the king. Teiresias is a symbolic and contrasted figure in the play. The contrast between the outward magnificence and inward blindness of Oedipus and the outward blindness and inward sight of the prophet is one of the given attributes of the scene and Sophocles does not waste this natural opportunity. Oedipus taunts Teiresias with his blindness, saying that he has ‘eyes for profit only, blindness in his craft.’ Teiresias’ answer is a magnificent consummation of this play on sight and blindness. Teiresias retorts, ‘’you have your sight, but you do not see in what evil you are.’’ His speeches, thoroughly in the play are significant and revealing. He is the representative of deep conscience spokesman in front of Oedipus for his Fate and Character’s hamartia. Teiresias is representative of truth and reality and the one who removes the cover of illusionary curtain of happiness and glory of Oedipus. So far Teiresias is the one who pinpoints the error of judgment and his character is the vital, powerful and central one in the climax and the plotting of the play.

Significance of Jocasta character

The characteristics of Jocasta that comes into play are mostly those of a wife and a queen but we are still able to forum some impression of her qualities as a woman. She seems to be quite in contrast with the fiery impetuosity of Oedipus for she is mild, moderate and cool –headed. This we see best of all when she rebukes Oedipus and Creon for indulging in personal quarrels at a time when the city is afflicted with a calamity. She deals with the two disputants as though they were small children and is able to restore calm and peace. She always keeps her personal emotions in check, expect at the end when she cries hysterically, calling upon the dead Lauis We come accorss to have the significance information about Jocasta also by the retrospect of the events that took place in the time of Laius. It seems probable that Jocasta played the same role of comforter with Laius which she plays now in the case of Oedipus. It was she who gave the child Oedipus to the shepherd so that he should leave it on the mountain to die of exposure. This seems the heartlessness of a mother but then what was at stake was the life of her husband and king, and for that all other considerations had to take second place. She was easy to access and considerate to her servants, for she at once agreed to the plea of the shepherd that he should be sent away from Thebes into the countryside. However, she seems to be capable of self-effacement. When a hard fate compels her to take another husband soon after the news of the death of Laius, she seems to have submitted tamely. Not once, it appears, has she talked to Oedipus about her first husband. We do not know to what extent Jocasta’s lack of reverence towards the gods reflects her real nature and to what extent it is a pose assumed in order to calm down her husband’s fears. Perhaps there is a little of both these considerations involved in her attitude. In her words it is chance and not the will of gods, which rules human life and she seeks to convert her husband also to this view which is a direct contradiction of Greek religion and morality:‘’Fear? What has a man to do with fear?

Chance rules our lives, and the future is all unknown.

Best live as best we may, from day to day.

Nor need this mother-marrying frighten you;

Many a man has dreamt as much. Such things

Must be forgotten, if life is to endured.’’

Jocasta is the central and important character, whose significance is obvious because of all the character revolves around her directly or indirectly. She is pathetic as well after revealing the reality and the shame of that reality endowed nothing but his guilt to death in shape of suicide.

Modern day relevance of this play

Many aspects of the modern conception of the tragedy owe their origin to Sophocles. It was he who made one important character the central figure (protagonist) and the focus of attention in ever tragedy. As Aristotle points out, it was Sophocles who constructed his plots in such a way as to make reversal and recognition their integral part. The characteristics feeling inspired by the tragedies of Sophocles is that of respect for human life and values and pity for those who fall a victim to their errors or the machinations of fate. The balance between character and fate is very well maintained by Sophocles. The dialogues in Sophocles are also more life time than is the case in the play of Aeschylus. Sophocles philosophy seems to have pondered deeply over the questions which concern man’s place in the universe, as well as the role and destiny of the individual in society by every Era of man. His plays best embody the essence of Greek life and culture at one of the highest points in its history. After Sophocles all other famous dramatists used the same tolls such as Marlowe’s’ Dr.Faustas’ and number tragic writing of Shakespeare, King Liar, Macbeth, Othello, Hamlet and winter’s Tale. In modern Era many playwrights believes in the same structure and they follow the pattern to be successful on the ground of tragedy.

Conclusion

Undoubtedly Oedipus Rex is the great tragedy of Appearance and reality, of unconscious to conscience crime, Pride of a king to pathos of a mere man, of character and fate, of truth of ignorance and reality of knowing.  Oedipus Rex in not only the greatest play of Sophocles but also the greatest Greek play. Accordingly to many critics it is the greatest play ever written. Aristotle in the Poetics gives very high praise to this play. It is also credited with possessing one of the three best executed plots in all drama. In this play Sophocles performs the miracle of creating terrible suspense through events the outcome of which is known to the readers beforehand. The reversal and the recognition in this play arise out of the play itself. It is very well integrated play, no part of which can either be transposed or left out. It can also be regarded as first detective story in literature. Its poetry, especially in the lyrical odes, possesses a great beauty and haunting power. There would be no exaggeration in saying that Oedipus Rex in one of the glories of Western Literature. To sum up the play it is an ideal tragedy which underlines the frailty of human happiness and prosperity by exposing that reality and truth are bitterest in mode of destiny if it holds harshness for the character.

General Quotes

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  • Galaxy is the dream.
  • Pen makes you strong
  • I am dreamer of fantasy
  • True idea is your identity
  • Empty bottle give you space.
  • I wonder my luck to wish me.
  • Life is a book and we are readers.
  • Thought is the delicious food of mind.
  • Elders are very forgettable on their turn.
  • Now a day’s blindness is on the pavement.
  • Walk, walk and walk towards your attitude.
  • Lock your talk, and speak well whenever you do.
  • Prayer makes you week until it would be blessed.
  • I find many things instant of those I lust them more.
  • Just try to make a life sketch never try to make it snap.
  • Give way to yourself your conscious gives you lot and lot.
  • Compliments give you the way to success but if they are true.
  • Pretention in relationships kills the role of characterization
  • How sad! We are making our selves deliberately mummies.
  • Even Sky deceives us it has no color and shows us that it is blue.
  • Make sure about yourself that you are good no one can spoil you.
  • Diary is infact inquiry about you sometimes about reality and others.
  • Incredible inside me that my hopes are for everything yet for nothing.
  • My dreams make me stupid sometimes and they make me wise most of the times.
  • Finding the shade means you are making up your mind to take a walk without shelter.
  • Don’t believe in others just believe in God; trust others but then when you trust yourself.
  • Everybody have feeling but some only feels for them and some only feels that feelings are just the expressing thing.
  • People stare me and sometimes laugh but I remain keep quiet, because I am waiting for my time.
  • I like novelists because they wrote for others; I like writers because they waste their dozes for us.
  • I do believe that whenever you got any idea just make it because if you spend any second to think about that mean you just losing you idea.

Aks…………… !! ( Reflection )

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Paniyion main jhanak kr dehty hain

Dahrye hain Aks abi talak

Wohi Aks hain jin ko shiad hum kehi phenchanty hain

Wohi Aks hain, janay kabi

Kud sy Lagtye hain

Kabi Tum sy lagty hain

Paniyion main jhanak kr dehty hain

Dahrye hain Aks abi talak

Yeh kesy Aks hain dahry rehty hain

Rooky rehty hain

hum chalnyee bi laghyee tu yeh dahryee rehty hain

hum jo dahrena chahain tu yeh chalnyee laghyety hain

Paniyion main jhanak kr dehty hain

Dahrye hain Aks abi talak

In ko hum saya samajhyee, in ko hum rahyee samjhyee

Na janay kia kashish lyee hain

Hum jo bi samajyee

Yeh hum ko aksr ajnabi lagtyee hain

Ajnabi bi lagyee tu kehi kud sy lagtyee hain

Kabi Hum sy lagtyee hain

Kabi Tum sy lagty hain

Paniyion main jhanak kr dehty hain

Dahrye hain Aks abi talak

Chaltyee chaltyee hum yeha aa phonchyee hain

N janay yeh kub talak in paniyion pr dahrye rahyee

Aur Na janay kub talak hum jhanakty rehyee

Paniyion pr yeh yadion ky Aks dahry hain

Yeh Rooh ky neesha hain

Ab talak hain , na janay kub talak hain …………

Paniyion main jhanak kr dehty hain

Dahrye hain Aks abi talak ………………..

Majood ……………

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Her her Naseeb lika ha us kitab main, jis ki tabeer kud insan ka Wajood hai

Wajood main jo Majood hai, mafqood ki miraj hai

Wohi aik bunyad hai, Wajood main jo Majood hai

Her her naseeb lika hai us kitab main ……………..

Yeh safar na koi aam hai, jaha serf maarfat ky charchy hoon

Yeh safar na koi khas hai jaha shanasai kuli numaiash hoo

Deda-E hijr rako wajood main jo miraz-E Majood hai

Yeha kuli hain sari kirkian jaha roshnion ka nazool hai

Her her naseeb likha ha us kitab main

Jis ki tabeer Majood hai ……………………Wajood hai kisa muktasir

Wajood main wo Majood hai …………..

Mother of Hazrat Essa, Jesus A.S (Hazrat Maryam)

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‘’Recall, when the angel said: O, Maryam! Allah gives you the glad tidings of a command from Him. His name shall be messiah, Jesus A.S son of Mary, illustrious in this world and the Hereafter; and shall be of those brought near to Allah’’ (AL IMRAN)

Who is Jesus A.S?

(Christ) Jesus A.S whom Quran has attributed to his mother and is called Essa A.S son of Hazrat Maryam. Mothers really deserve to be proud of this attribution. Hazrat Maryam A.S is the mother whom Allah purified and chose among other women of the world. The truth of the story of Hazrat Maryam motherly love is very much impressive. She had to encounter much more distressing circumstances. She was born of a religious family. Her father was a great intellectual of Bani Israel. When her mother was pregnant. She vowed to dedicate her newborn child for serving Bait-Ul-Maqdas (place of worshipping in Jerusalem)

As Allah says;

‘’Recall, when the wife of Imran said: ‘’O my Lord! Surely I dedicate to you what is in my womb purely to your service, so accept this offering of mine; surely you alone are the all hearing (of prayers) and the all knowing (of intention).

‘’Then when she gave birth to it, she said (wistfully): ‘’ Lord! Surely I have but given birth to a female.’’ And Allah knew best what she had given birth to. And the male which she had solicited was nowise like the female that was born. And the mother said: ‘’ I have named her Maryam, and I command her and her progeny to your protection from the mischief of Satan, the outcast.

Right graciously by then did her Lord accept the girl with true acceptance and caused her to grow with perfect growth. And caused Hazrat Zikriah Zechariah to be her guardian. Whenever Zechariah paid a visit to Mary in her sanctuary he found, she had fresh provision with her. Once he said: O’ Mary! Whence comes onto you this provision? Mary said: ‘’this comes from Allah.’’ Surely Allah provides sustenance to whom he wills without measure.’’  (AL-IMRAN)

Her father Imran had died in her childhood. And there was controversy among her relatives about her ‘’up bringing’’. They drew lots to decide the matter. According to the draw her maternal uncle Zechariah A.S was assigned the responsibility of her upbringing. Allah says about this incident in the Holy Quran:

‘’ These (incidents) are of the tidings of things unseen that we reveal unto you. And you were not with them when those (persists of the temple) were casting lots by throwing their quills to decide as to whom, Should have charge of Mary; nor were you with them when they were contending with one another about it.’’

Mary remained busy in meditation day in and day out besides her row of serving Bait-Ul-Maqdas. Even though, Allah chose her for granting her his great trust. One day she was busy in meditation when Allah sent His angel to give her glad tidings, as Allah says.

‘’Recall, when the angel said:’’ O Mary! Allah gives you the glad tidings of a command from Him. His name shall be Messiah Jesus A.S son of Mary, Illustrious in this world and the hereafter and shall be of those brought near to Allah.’’

No sooner did she listened this glad tidings then she started shivering and begged humbly to Allah as the Quran says,

‘’ Mary said (in astonishment ‘’good Allah); how can there be a son to me whereas no man has touched me, nor have I been unchaste’’ Gabriel said; so it is, your Lord has said; to bestow a child is easy to me, that we may make him a sign (of our might) to people and Mercy from us. And it is a matter already decreed.’’ (SURAH MARYAM)

She listened this and bowed before inevitable divine command. After a few days she felt sign of pregnancy. This feeling was really a boundless anguish and unbearable pain for a chaste virgin. She felt the city because of impending humiliations and disgrace and started living in a barren valley, which was left by shepherds for being deserted. When the time of delivery came she took lean of a date palm tree. Mean while Jesus A.S was born in this world, and she said at that moment,

‘’She said (wistfully) would that I had died before this, and become a thing forgotten and lost from sight.’’ (SURAH MARYAM)

Then happened; what was bound to be happened,

‘’Then she brought the baby to her people carrying him (in her lap). They said; O, Mary! You have indeed committed a thing most vile. O, Sister of Haroon! Your father was not a man of evil, nor was your mother an unchaste woman.’’ (SURAH MARYAM)

People in spite of being completely acquainted with the modesty and virtuosity of Mary, they neither paid any heed to her, nor considered the miraculous birth of this innocent child. On the contrary they just put that false accusation on her. She endured that situation with a great patience. She embraced the will Allah and stood like a rock for her son against those inevitable, regretful problems, which were nothing short of a death.

It is also mentioned in a narration that she had carried her son to Egypt in order to avoid the torture of her opponents. She stayed there for twelve years. She had to spin cotton (thread) and glean wheat from the field in order to earn her living. Look! What do you think of that scene, when Maryam had lifted Jesus A.S on her one shoulder and a pile of wheat on the other?

When Jesus A.S grew up, she thought of his education and took him to a school and gave him under the supervision of a teacher. Then Allah commanded her to go to ‘’Jerusalem’ so that she could pray according to Moses A.S religion. She started dwelling in a village called ‘’Nasirah’’. Jesus A.S also grew young in that village. Whenever he dreamt of anything he used to tell it to his mother, who the only gleam of his hopes under those grievances. She used to encourage and console him.

It is stated in Bible that when Jesus A.S was 29 years old, he along with his mother went to the mountain of ‘’ Olive’’ to pick up olives. Where he dreamt and was told,

‘’ You have been sent to Bani Israel as a messenger, ‘He told his mother all about it and informed her that he would have to face so many problems on his way as it was revealed on him. He further said that would no longer stay with her nor could serve her as usual.

When Mary heard this, she replied,

‘’ O, my Son! Sublimity to Holy name of Allah; who had already informed me about this, before your birth.’’

On that very day Jesus A.S left his mother and started performing his duty as a messenger. His mother accompanied him for 30 years. During this period she trained him for such a great and noble aim, for which he was waiting eagerly. Though he did leave his mother yet both of them became everlasting sign of Allah in His way. As Allah says;

‘’ And we made the son of Mary and his mother (Maryam) a sign.’’ (SURAH AL MOUMINEEN)

At another occasion Allah says,

‘’And we made her and her son Jesus A.S a sign for the mankind.’’ (AL-ANBIYAH)

Mother of Jesus A.S, Hazrat Maryam is the one of the most valuable being and blessed soul for whom the extolment for all her living and spiritualism. May Almighty Allah showers the great blessings upon the spiritual blessed soul of Hazrat Maryam A.S…….. Amen

In this golden series of the history of Prophets Mothers, the last one is Sayyidah Aminah daughter of Wahab who is the Holy mother of the last Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)…………….the next chapter dedicated to Sayyidah Aminah ( R.A ) ………………..

Mother of Moses A.S

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Part III

Allah says in Surah Al-Qasas:-

‘’ And We inspired the mother of Moses A.S saying; ‘’ Keep suckling him(without fear); then when you fear for him, cast him into the river, and the fear not, nor grieve; for surely We shall return him to you and We are going to make him a messenger.’’

Then the family of Pharaoh picked him up (from the river) that he might (in the end) be an enemy to them and a cause of grief and sorrow, Surely Pharaoh and Human and their armies.

And the wife of Pharaoh said ;(My Lord!) this child is but coolness of the eyes for you and me. Slay him not, perhaps he may be of benefit to us, or we may adopt him as a son; and they could not perceive (the outcome of their plan).

And next morning the heart of Moses A.S Mother become restless. And she had nearly given out the secret if We had not strengthened her heart so that she might remain convinced of the promise of Allah. And she said to Moses A.S sister ‘’follow him’’ so she kept watching him from a distance. And they did not perceive (the reality of) it.

And We had already forbidden all wet nurses for him. So Moses A.S sister said; ‘’shall I direct you to household who may bring up the child for you. And would also be well wishers of the child’’ So (in this way) We returned him to his mother to cool her eyes at the sight of the child. And feel not grieved (at his separation) and that she might also know that the promise of Allah is always true. But most of the people know not (this truth).

And when Moses A.S reached the prime of his life and his upbringing was completed. We granted him wisdom and knowledge. And thus do We reward the well doers. Allah says in Surah –e Taha: Surely you are granted your request O’ Moses!. And surely we bestowed on you a favour at another time before this as well. When we revealed to your mother (by inspiration) that which was to be revealed. That put the baby in to a box. Then cast the box into the river. The river will cast it upon the shore then it will be picked up by one who is an enemy to me and an enemy to him. And (O; Moses A.S!) I cast on you a reflection of love from Myself so that whoever saw you might love you and you be brought up under My sight. Recall, when your sister came walking along and said (to pharaoh household) May I tell you of one who may nurse him. So (thus) did we bring you back to your mother that she might cool her eyes at your sight and she should not grieve.

And (remember) when you killed a man, then we delivered you from distress and grief and tested you well. Then you stayed for many years among the people of midian, and then you came here according to an appointment decreed. O’ Moses! A.S.

Surah –E- Taha(36-40):

In this way it was revealed on the mother of Moses A.S and a responsibility was put to her shoulders through Divine command to save Moses A.S from oppression and tyrannies of Pharaoh who did not spare even a single child of Bani Israel since long time, because this child had to become a venerable messenger of Allah later on.

Mothers are all in higher stature by Lord Almighty but the mother of prophets were patient upon so many hardships and trials of life and truth. They were the true believer of Almighty Allah’s favors. In the HOLY QUR’AN the descriptions for Prophet Moses A.S are mentioned on various Surat and his mother’s descriptions is also there. May Allah bless the souls of such splendor beings who were so obedient to their Creator and they were too fortunate souls who got the Creator’s great favors.

Mother of Moses A.S

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Part II

She obeyed that Divine command and put some cotton in the box, suckled the innocent apple of her eyes and put him asleep in the box. She locked it tightly and cast it in the river Nile. Can it be imagined? What must have been her condition, when she had consigned her innocent son to the bloody and merciless waves of the river? Most of the historians who described this event had avoided putting light on the miserable plight of the mother of Moses AS. Her eyes were fixed at the box carried away by the waves of the river. But a few of historians have depicted the scene of those painful moments and said that when the box had gone out of her sight and that dreadful environment terrified her then she realized that she herself and consigned her son to the merciless waves of the river. It seemed that she hit upon no plan to save her son from tyrannical clutches of Pharaoh, except it. Thus she realized that on the one hand she had saved him from pharaoh’s killing, but on the other she herself had cast him in the jaws of fish. Salabi says:

‘’ When she cast Moses AS into river Nile and he disappeared from her sight, Satan came in delude her. She started saying on her heart of heart about her treatment with her son.
She thought that it was better to bury her son after being slaughtered by Pharaoh than making him food for creatures of river.’’

I think, it is the part of the narrations told by Israelites, which were publicized by those Jews who later on embraced Islam, because there is nothing about ‘’ Satanic delusion’’ in the Holy Quran. Quran rejects it; because it has been clearly mentioned in the holy Quran that mother of Moses AS was commanded by Allah to cast her son in the river.

Hazrat Moses AS mother does not like to go back to home and stays at the bank of the river. She is sunk into the grief of her son, when her daughter Maryam reaches there in search of her mother. She consoled her mother and brings her back to home. Then Allah grants he comfort and solace, as Quran says:

‘’ And the next morning the heart of Moses As mother became restless. And she had nearly given out the secret if we had not strengthened her heart so that she might remains convinced of the promise of Allah.’’

The currents of the river took Moses AS near an orchard contiguous with Pharaoh’s palace. His housemaid used to fetch water from there. No sooner did they see the box then they took it out and carried to their queen Sayyidah Aasiyah the wife of Pharaoh. They thought the treasure of precious pearls. When the box was opened, they were taken aback to see a handsome innocent baby inside it. He was smiling delightfully at Sayyidah Aasiyah. When she cast her affectionate eye on him. She felt extreme love for him, as he was her own son, she thought him to be a divine gift specially conferred to be a deprived mother having no child of her own. She had sunk into this fancy when Pharaoh’s soldiers came there and demanded for the baby. She ordered them,

‘’ Go back, this child has no relation with Bani Israel when she found them in confusion, she told them politely to let her solve the matter by herself. She said, ‘’I myself shall go the Pharaoh in order to request him to give this child to me. If he agrees, then al-right, otherwise you will be allowed to kill him. I won’t rebuke you.’’
She took Moses AS to Pharaoh and said.

‘’ And the wife of Pharaoh said this child is but coolness of the eyes for me and you. Slay him not perhaps he may be of benefit to us, or we may adopt him as a son.’’
He replied:

”He May be a comfort for yr eyes but I don’t like him. He soon repented on his mistake and ordered to kill him because he may be of Bani Israel, who may cause to tread over him and his kingdom under his feet.’’

But Sayyidah Aasiyah kept insisting on her demand eventually Pharaoh agreed to hand over the child to her. She carried the child in to Royal Palace. Her joy knew no bounds. Mother of Moses AS was sitting aggrieved among Jews. She was sunk into this thought if she could ever see her son again. She told her daughter Maryam to go after him to get some information about him.

Maryam started looking for her brother on foot and reached at the bank of the river Nile. There she came to know that there was a little child in queen’s palace who had not accepted the suckling of any woman. She said in her heart of heart that he must be her brother. She took several round of royal palace very carefully, where she was seen by Asiyah’s maidservants. They were in fact looking for suckling woman, who may be accepted by the child for suckling. When Maryam came to know all about it, she controlled herself and concealed her emotions while entering into the royal palace and said meticulously,

‘’Shall I direct you to a housewife who may bring up the child for you, and would also be well wisher of the child’’

She replied dogmatically,’’ I wish only your goodness’’. They further asked. ‘’ Perhaps you have some information about the parents of this baby, otherwise how can say them to be well-wisher of him.
It is very simple, she replied I only know that they are very kind hearted and virtuous. They will intimately take over the responsibility of bringing up the child in a hope to be favored by the king. This reply assured them to some extends. They carried the baby and followed Maryam. On the other hand mother of Moses AS was lost in her grief and agony. She did not know what blessing and eternal bless was about to conferred on her by Allah.

No sooner did she see the baby then she unabatedly wished to cheer out, but she deliberately got over herself patiently. She embosomed the child with deep love and affection. They were surprised to see the child who had already rejected every suckling woman Was now busy in suckling heartily.

When Moses AS had sucked milk to his heart’s content, they brought mother of Moses as to Aasiyah and told her everything in detail. She said to the mother of Moses AS to stay with them for suckling the baby. But she replied, ‘’ Would you like to allow me to carry the baby with me to my house where I’ll suckle and take care of him for good because rest of my children may be in trouble in my absence. So I am bound to stay at my own home.’’

Obviously, this attitude of Moses As mother looked strange, why she had denied living in royal palace along with her son. But no wonder, circumstances were in her favor. Mosses AS did not accept the suckling of any other woman except her. She was quite conversant to the fact that Aasiyah had an intimate love for baby. That is why she kept insisting on carrying the baby to her home where she could extinguish the thirst of motherly love, away from spies of the king and environment of the place.

If she stayed in the palace she would have two choices ‘’ Desirable and undesirable’’. Desirable choice was painful for her because she had to control her passion and motherly love so that none could be suspicious of her attitude. On the other hand if she had disclosed the secret of her motherly love she would have handed over her son to the murderer by herself. But she had absolutely firm belief in blessings of Allah. Therefore she selected her own home for the betterment of her son. Salabi says:

‘’The mother of Moses AS remembered Allah’s promise that is why she did not accede to Asiyah’s proposal. Because she was quite sure that Allah would fulfill His promise.’’

Aasiyah has no other option but to agree to the proposal of Moses AS mother. She had a great importance for the life and survival of child. Thus she allowed her to carry the child. In this way mother of Moses AS carried him to her home…………………………….

TO BE CONTINUED ………………….AS PART III

Emmence Thesis By Dr.Ayesha

Mother of Moses A.S

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Part I
‘’ And we inspired the mother of Moses A.S saying : ‘Keep suckling him (without fear); but when you fear for him ,cast him into the river, and fear not, nor grieve; verily we shall bring back to you and we are about to make him a messenger.’’

There is nothing mentioned about the father of Moses A.S in the Holy Quran but has been mentioned only about his mother who suckled and brought him up. It was the time when Pharaoh had badly afflicted Bani Israel, made them slaves and oppressed them.

It is narrated that once an enigmatic dream bewildered him. He sent for many magicians, astrologers (fortune-tellers) and dream interpreters to know about the connotation of his dream. They told him that a child would be born of Bani Israel, who would snatch his kingdom, exile his nation from that Island and finish his religion. And the time of his birth has come yet.

Having heard this news he maddened with wrath and ordered to assassinate every newborn boy of Bani Israel .For this throughout the country. In this way Pharaoh got assassinated seventy thousand newborn boys of Bani Israel. Moses A.S was also born during those days. His mother was trembling with fear and widwife felt sorry for her and promised that she would not tell anyone about the birth of that child. It is also mentioned in some narrations that midwife was deeply impressed by the innocent beauty and elegance of Moses AS and was enchanted to him that is why she did not give him to the men of Pharaoh to kill him. But Pharaoh’s detectors saw her coming out from the house of Moses A.S. They had besieged the house and were about to capture the child, when Moses A.S sister Maryam saw them and told her mother in puzzlement that Pharaoh’s soldiers were at door.

During this moment of anxiety, Allah revealed on Moses A.S mother to wrap him in a piece of cloth and cast him into and burning oven. She did the same. After that soldiers came into the house. They found nothing but mother and sister of Moses A.S who were busy in their work. They inquired wrathfully of the visit of midwife. They replied solemnly that she was their friend and had come to see them. Hearing this reply, soldiers went away.

Now Moses A.S Mother was under taken by the anguish about her son. In the meanwhile she heard the voice of her son from the oven and went running to bring him out of burning oven. By the grace of Allah, Moses AS was not even touched by fire. Now the fact was quite obvious to her that it wasn’t out of danger to keep the child with her any more. She was still under this deep contemplation when Allah revealed on her.

‘’That put the baby Moses AS into a box. Then cast the box into the river will cast it upon the shore then it will be picked up by one who is an enemy to me and him’’………………….

TO BE CONTINUED!!!

Sayyidah Hazrat Hajirah; Mother of Hazrat Ismail A. S

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Then………………..Then she ran quickly towards opposite hill called Marwah; in order to find any beam of life. But nothing visible even at a long distance. In this way she has taken several rounds between Safah and Marwah. She became dead tired and sat down on the ground while embracing the will of Allah.

But innocent’s thirst had shattered her heart. It was the most difficult moment and examination for motherly love to watch the apple of her eyes; who was eagerly crying for water. She mustered up her courage and separated herself gradually from the son and put scarf on her face and said,

‘’I can’t endure to see my son while departing this world’’

She felt as if the whole universe stood still for some moments. Nothing but crying of the innocent baby in severe thirst and bewailing of his mother was echoing in the valley. And besides this were the voices of fierce beasts, looking for their preys around the valley.
However, Allah had decided something else to sooth her torrent grief. A bird that was flying over the valley came down and started digging the earth with his beak. Within the wink of an eye the spring of Aab-e-Zamzam gushed up .This miracle gave a new life to Hazrat Hajirah, who rushed forward and gave water to her son first. Then herself quenched her own thirst.

The spring on Abe-e-Zamzam brought about a new beam of hope in dried and barren valley. During those days a caravan of Jarham passed by Makkah while going to Syria. They stayed in a lower area of Makkah and saw a bird hovering over the valley. They said to one another that there must be water- spring where bird was flying. But they were surprised, because they had already passed through this valley several times in the past. But didn’t find any drop of water. Then they sent one of their men to know the fact. He returned with optimistic news of a water-spring. After that they came to Hajirah and requested her to allow them to stay near water-spring whereas water spring would be in her own ownership. She allowed them. Thus they settled there.
Hazrat Ismail (A.S) grew up in that environment. When he entered into the bloom age his father Abraham (A.S) come to them to tell them about his dream as Allah says,

‘’Abraham (A.S) said, O’my dear son! I have dreamt that I am sacrificing you; now say what is your opinion? He replied O’ my father! Do as you are commanded if it is the will of Allah you shall find me among patient ones.(Al-Saffat-102)

Then occurred the greatest incident of sacrifice (Slaughtering) which is unparallel in history. When Abraham (A.S) had intended to sacrifice his son Allah sent a beautiful Ram from the Heaven and revealed on him to sacrifice that Ram in place of his submissive and patient son. Then Allah commanded him to construct Bait-Ullah (Allah’s house). He constructed it along with son Ismail A.S and made it consecrated for those who circumambulate it, bow their heads and perform prayer. And these benedictory words were flowing from his Holy tongue,

O’ Our Lord! Accept this (service) from us verily you hear and know everything O’ Lord! Make us submissive to your will and raise from our offspring a community, submissive to you and teach us our rites of worship and, forgive our trespasses, for you are compassionate and merciful. And send to them, O, Lord! An Apostle from among them to import your message to them.’’ Al-Baqara 125-129

Then Allah commanded Abraham A.S to call upon people for performing Hajj (pilgrimage). Allah acceded to his prayer and sent His respected messenger, venerable Prophet and head of apostles Muhammad PBUH in his posterity. Thus Muhammad PBHU belongs to the posterity of Hazrat Ismail A.S son of Sayyidah Hajirah. Her motherly love tolerated many worries and distress, which has become the part of history. Her strife between Safa and Marwah has become the part of rites of Hajj. This strife reminds us of that motherly love every year.

Preface Umm-Ul Nabi (PBUH) // Authoress Dr, Ayesha Abdul Rehman
Eminence Muhammad Abdul Wahid Qadri

Hazrat Hajirah was the honorably the Wife of Hazrat Abraham A.S (Khalil-Allah) and the Mother of Hazrat Ismail A.S (Zabie-Allah). She was daughter of king but salve to Hazrat Syida Sairah A.S. She was the one who live the life based on chastity and make her LORD Almighty favouarably agree upon her deeds and Allah blessed the favour till the day end that every Muslim performs the same act in pilgrimage upon Lord’s blessings.
Thousands blessings upon Hazrat Syida Hajirah!! May this tribute be accepted!!